Except: On June 29, 2007, at the meeting of the 28th session of the 10th National People’s Congress (NPC) Standing Committee, 145 attending party members voted unanimously in favor of the Labor Contract Law. Back in March 2006, when the government posted an initial draft of the law for comment on the Internet, officials received more than 190,000 responses from the concerned public in one month. The NPC Legal Affairs Commission moved to finalize the legislation following tragic reports of slave labor conditions in the brick kilns of the Shanxi Province . . . Over these three decades, one [...]
This article discusses the dormitory labor system, a specific Chinese labor system through which the lives of Chinese women migrant workers are shaped by the international division of labor. This dormitory labor system is a gendered form of labor use that underlies the boom of export-oriented industrial production in China, which has been further boosted by China’s accession to the World Trade Organization. Combining work and residence under the dormitory labor system, production and daily reproduction of labor are reconfigured for the sake of global production, with foreign-invested or privately owned companies controlling almost all daily reproduction of labor. Drawing upon the findings of a 2003-04 case study of an electronics factory in South China, [...]
—–Resistance, Collective Actions, and Labor Organizing
By Jenny Chan
[Translated by Doris Maier into German]
Jenny Chan. 2006. “Kein Bleiberecht: Arbeitsmigrantinnen in Südchina.” Frauensolidarität [Solidarity among Women] 97:18-19.
Article Introduction: China’s economic reforms since the late 1970s have brought about an unprecedented surge in internal rural to urban migration. Most transnational corporations in Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Japan, the United States, and Europe, and their subcontractors, recruit millions of peasant migrants, in particular unmarried and young women, to work in export-led Special Economic Zones (SEZs). Limited educational opportunities, especially for females, a lack of village employment prospects, and low prices for agricultural products are some factors that have pushed young girls in their late teens, and the unemployed in general, out of their villages. Some rural women also aspire to escape arranged marriages, familial conflicts, and [...]